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These are some of the most expensive ingredients in the world

We take a closer look at everything from abalone to white caviar from albino sturgeons.

  • Almas Caviar


    Caviar is not new in the realm of high-value foods; this ingredient has long since graced the tables of the most exclusive fine-dining establishments. But certain types of caviar prove more valuable than others, and Almas is the most valuable of all.


    Almas, also sometimes known as golden or white caviar, is the roe of the albino beluga sturgeon. Named after the old Persian word for diamond, Almas may be white to golden yellow or light grey, depending on the age of the sturgeon it is harvested from, in stark contrast to the dark black of the Beluga caviar. Almas is recommended to be served on its own, eaten off the skin between your thumb and forefinger, to properly experience the delicate flavours.


    Almas is so valuable mainly because the albino fish is so hard to find. The occurrence of an albino beluga sturgeon is said to be one in every 6,000, and the dwindling numbers of this fish in recent years make the caviar even rarer. Furthermore, it is harvested only from elderly albino sturgeon that is between 60 and 100 years old, which is more than four times the age at which this species matures (from 15 to 25 years). From the beluga sturgeon is harvested the second most valuable caviar, Beluga. The older the sturgeon, the lighter the colour of the caviar, and the more expensive it is.


    The beluga sturgeon is native to the southern region of the Caspian Sea, near the shores of Iran. This region is said to be less polluted, providing a suitable habitat for this rare sturgeon to grow, while also producing better quality caviar.


    The Guinness World Records lists Almas caviar as the world’s most expensive food, which, at record-setting time, sold for £20,000 (S$36,000) per kilogram. Almas caviar is one of the rarest forms on the market today.


    The sturgeon is known to live for more than 100 years, with the oldest reported being 118 years.

    Fine foods company Caviar House & Prunier had a limited run of Special Edition Almas Persicus caviar that was packed in a diamond- encrusted, 24K gold tin and sold in a bespoke padded wooden case. It retailed for US$25,000 (S$34,000).

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